In archeology, a horizon is a pattern characterized by widespread distribution of a complex of cultural traits that lasts a relatively short time.
Factors that might create the pattern of a horizon would include a rapid military conquest or effective religious mission. The position in which an archeological object is first uncovered during an excavation or survey.
May involve chemical stabilization or physical strengthening.
The arrangement or position of artifacts, ecofacts, and features within the soil matrix.
Dates are expressed in absolute terms, that is in specific units of measurement such as days, years, centuries, or millennia.
For example, the village was inhabited between AD 14.
Often compliance refers to work done to satisfy requirements of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, or comparable state laws.
Natural remains, such as those of wild and domesticated animals and plants, that are found in the archeological record.
Distortion could result from processes such as landfilling, dumping, a landslide or other earth movement.
Also referred to as tree-ring dating, this absolute dating technique uses annual growth rings of trees from a single region to compare and match sequences of growth rings to determine that date when the tree was first cut down.
The process of describing and recording an artifact's many attributes.
Artifacts that are modeled or molded from clay and then made durable by firing.