The various states and territories have similar laws, some of which use a different age (for example the victim only has to be under 16 in Queensland).In Canada, Criminal Code section 172.1 makes it an offence to communicate with a child through a computer system for the purpose of committing a sexual offence (termed "luring a child").Some vigilante organizations use operatives posing as underage teens on the internet to identify potential child molesters and turn the information over to the police and the courts.The news program Dateline NBC featured the recurring segment To Catch a Predator, based on documenting such activities.This crime has been proscribed in various ways since the International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children, which was agreed in 1921 as a multilateral treaty of the League of Nations that addressed the problem of international trafficking of women and children for nefarious purposes.The proscribed traffic was international in nature at that time.Online grooming of youngsters via chat rooms and webcams is an area COST team officers are encountering more and more.To establish a good relationship with a child and the child's family, child groomers might do several things: They might try to gain the child's or parents' trust by befriending them, with the goal of easy access to the child.
This location is usually in public, such as a park, cinema, on the street or at a friend’s house.
At a trial in March 2014, the public heard that a 15-year-old female was lured by an 18-year-old male (ostensibly her boyfriend at the time) into the basement of an apartment by means of "a blackmail", whereupon he and six of his friends (aged between 15 and 17) raped her. In its report Protection of Children Against Abuse Through New Technologies, the Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention Committee addressed the emerging issues of violence against children through the use of new technologies (the issue of child pornography on the Internet is already covered by Article 9 Convention) with particular reference to grooming both through the internet and by mobile telephones.
Australian Criminal Code Act 1995 section 474.26 and 474.27 prohibits the use of a "carrier service" to communicate with the intent to procure a person under the age of 16, or expose such a person to any indecent matter for the purposes of grooming.
On 1 January 2010, section 248e was added to the Dutch Criminal Code making (online) grooming of a child under 16 years old illegal.
The maximum punishment is 2 years of imprisonment or a fine of the fourth category.