The Council on American–Islamic Relations complained in 2013 that the Associated Press's definition of "Islamist"—a "supporter of government in accord with the laws of Islam [and] who view the Quran as a political model"—had become a pejorative shorthand for "Muslims we don't like." The AP Stylebook entry for Islamist now reads as follows: "An advocate or supporter of a political movement that favors reordering government and society in accordance with laws prescribed by Islam.
Do not use as a synonym for Islamic fighters, militants, extremists or radicals, who may or may not be Islamists.
The Islamist groups like Hezbollah in Lebanon and Hamas in Palestine participate in the democratic and political process as well as armed attacks.
Radical Islamist organizations like al-Qaeda and the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, and groups such as the Taliban, entirely reject democracy, often declaring as kuffar those Muslims who support it (see takfirism), as well as calling for violent/offensive jihad or urging and conducting attacks on a religious basis.
Graham Fuller has argued for a broader notion of Islamism as a form of identity politics, involving "support for [Muslim] identity, authenticity, broader regionalism, revivalism, [and] revitalization of the community." Some Islamist thinkers emphasize peaceful political processes.
Others, Sayyid Qutb in particular, called for violence, and his followers are generally considered Islamic extremists, although Qutb denounced the killing of innocents.—and thus is not a united movement.
Eid al-Fitr, which this year fell in June, is held to celebrate the end of the month-long fasting period of Ramadan.
Eventually both terms yielded to Islam, the Arabic name of the faith, and a word free of either pejorative or comparative associations.
Eid al-Adha, or ‘the feast of the sacrifice’, is the second Eid festival of the calendar year, which honours Ibrahim’s commitment to God when ordered to offer up his only son - not named in the Qu’ran as Ismail but widely accepted in Islamic literature as so - as a sacrifice.
As he prepared to carry out the act, Satan appeared to Ibrahim attempting to deter him from his task, but the devout man threw stones to repel the devil.
In Pakistan, the festival will start on Saturday 2 September. Eid al-Adha is marked by a four or five day public holiday in most Muslim countries - although in Turkey and Qatar celebrations last for 10 days and in Saudi Arabia a whole fortnight.
A three day holiday is being held in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda.