) is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Lake Champlain forms half of Vermont's western border with the state of New York and the Green Mountains run north-south the length of the state. states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north.The most populous city, Burlington, is the least populous city to be the most populous city in a state.As of 2015, Vermont was the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States.For thousands of years indigenous peoples, including the Mohawk and the Algonquian-speaking Abenaki, occupied much of the territory that is now Vermont and was later claimed by France's colony of New France.
The New England cottontail disappeared from the state in the early 1970s, out-competed by the eastern cottontail rabbit, imported in the 1800s for hunting, and which is better able to detect predators.The Green Mountain range forms a north–south spine running most of the length of the state, slightly west of its center.In the southwest portion of the state are the Taconic Mountains; the Granitic Mountains are in the northeast.Its greatest width, from east to west, is 89 miles (143 km) at the Canada–U. border; the narrowest width is 37 miles (60 km) at the Massachusetts line. The state's geographic center is approximately three miles (5 km) east of Roxbury, in Washington County. The origin of the name "Vermont" is uncertain, but likely comes from the French les Verts Monts, meaning "the Green Mountains".say that the mountains were called green because they were more forested than the higher White Mountains of New Hampshire and Adirondacks of New York; others say that the predominance of mica-quartz-chlorite schist, a green-hued metamorphosed shale, is the reason.